Glenn Burns on Carnarvon Great Walk
Photo taken on the Consuelo Tableland, Central Queensland. The weather had been cold and misty for several days hence my favourite beanie and old woollen coat got an unaccustomed outing.



Portrait of Abel Tasman. Attributed to Jacob Gerritsz, 1637
Portrait of Abel Tasman. Attributed to Jacob Gerritsz, 1637

The journals that follow come from my experiences of five decades of bushwalking with friends and family.  They are accounts of bushwalks and kayak trips that range from  long distance treks… occasionally arduous, through to easy day walks or maybe even just an a hour or two poking around in my sea kayak. For those of you addicted to those interminable  blow by blow navigational track notes, track logs and lists of waypoints, look elsewhere.  But if you share a geographer’s  enthusiasm for maps and journeys across landscapes, read on. I hope you find them informative and perhaps entertaining. And as that great 16th century Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman noted: He who might wish to know his country must first walk over it.”

 Bushwalking is an Australian word. You may know it as hiking, tramping, hill walking, rambling or trekking.

Most recent Journals and Articles:

Mt AnglemThe 125 kilometre NW Circuit of Rakiura or Stewart Island NZ, infamous for its boggy, root-bound track.



Python on Winder TrackA Surfeit of Serpents. A walk in Queensland’s Mistake Mountains.



Journey's end. The Twelve Apostles. Victoria’s Great Ocean Road is one of Australia’s best known long distance walks: the 104 kilometre Great Ocean Walk. Here is an account of the walk written by one of my bushwalking friends, Sam Rowe, as part of a fund raising challenge for Diabetes Queensland.

View from The CastleThe Castle is a spectacular and challenging peak in The Budawangs, New South Wales. The views from its summit are said to be outstanding.


Bernard in his BeachComber ultrlight KayakRead about Bernard Weitkuhn’s 2400 kilometre kayaking trip down Australia’s Murray River, from source to sea.


Mt Meharry WA

Climbing Mt Meharry. W.A.s highest mountain.


Wild Dog Creek    A Winter Walk in The Walls of Jerusalem.


Some thoughts on bush navigation.


Using a map and compass is a basic skill that should be mastered by any walkers who intend to venture away from marked tracks and trails. There is nothing mystical about the map and compassuse of a map and compass or a GPS for that matter. These skills are very easy to learn and there are numerous publications and web sites that can give assistance.  My favourite publication is  a little booklet published by Geoscience Australia: Natmap: Map Reading Guide (Geoscience Australia, Canberra. 2013).  I confess to using  GPS regularly,  usually to clarify tricky navigational issues. While I like my map and compass for navigation, I was an early adopter of GPS technology and have been using a GPS and mapping/ GIS software ( OziExplorer, Mapinfo and ArcView) since the early 1990s. In addition to a map and compass my walking kit contains either a Magellan GPS using Tracks and Topo software or my Android phone using geo-referenced map files.  Call me old fashioned, but I prefer to forego the certainty of GPS screens, waypoints and track logs and unfold a map sheet and get a feel for the elements of the broader landscape as well as enjoying the unpredictability of an unknown path through the bush.

IMGP0164Link:  Bushwalking NSW has a very good tutorial webpage covering the basics of map and compass navigation.


 Tricks  from an old track dog

  • Packing your rucksack. Get your pack as light as possible without sacrificing too much comfort. This means leaving out gimmicky junk, avoid duplicating group gear and for the well-heeled walker treating yourself to light-weight gear.   For example, one GPS or PLB per group is enough. All gear that you need for the day: water, compass, map, lunch, raincoat should be readily accessible, usually at the top of the pack. My AARN pack has front pockets which makes everything so much easier. Well done Mr Aarn.  Don’t tie stuff to the outside of your pack, it looks messy and can catch on shrubs or fall off. Water proof your kit by sealing in dry bags or plastic bags. Again my Aarn pack has built -in dry bags. A pack cover as well is a good measure.
  • Know your limits and be prepared for the conditions.  You should always dress for the conditions expected and carry safety gear: first aid kit, sun screen, hat, water, food,  torch,  PLB ( if you own one) and a small survival kit which includes matches.
  • Separation & getting “lost”.  Don’t panic. Unless you are absolutely certain of your mistake & how to retrieve the situation STAY PUT. It is easier for a search party to find a stationary hiker than someone who keeps moving around. Find some shelter and water and try to attract attention by three blasts on your whistle. Your whistle should be attached to your rucksack where it is quickly available. A smoky fire is also useful to attract searchers. Avoid setting off a PLB unless it is a dire emergency.
  • First Aid Kit: First AidEvery hiker should carry their own first aid kit on all walks in the bush in a waterproof container & have it readily accessible.  I’m not a great fan of splitting up first aid items between members of a hiking party just to save a few grams in weight.
  • Water: A very important consideration in Australia. Two litres per person per day is a good starting point. In hot open country you will need  more.  While through walking I often carry three litres per day & and top up whenever possible. A good splash down or swim is always a great method of cooling your body. Water from creeks can no longer be trusted and should always be treated before drinking.  I always treat my water now, even from campground tanks. Never rely on someone else to provide you with water.
  • Walking Poles: I use a pair of Leki poles especially when carrying heavy loads over long distances. They are very useful for creek crossings and downhill travel.
  • Footwear: Whatever footwear you decide on, make sure they are comfortable with plenty of toe room and are well worn-in.  I prefer leather boots but trail shoes are also good option. I wear two pair of socks to help reduce the possibility of blisters. 
  • Blisters: On very long walks blisters are possible even with well fitting and comfortable foot wear. If you feel a “hot-spot” developing, pull over as soon as possible and apply plenty of tape over the spot.  This is your last chance to avoid getting a blister. I use strapping tape but   my friends use those excellent commercial grade blister pads.
  • Emergency Contact: Make sure that someone you can trust knows where you are walking. Provide them with your itinerary and  a mud map. But remind them that delays are always a possibility, so agree on a time for them to wait before raising an alarm.  Give your leader contact details for emergencies. This could be a relative or a friend.

Gear and Food Lists:

Dessert prepared on a hike by a bushwalking friend Sam Rowe.

A yummy hot dessert of  cake and custard, prepared on site  by a hiking friend, Samantha Rowe. The perfect food for a cold Sundown National Park night.

Link: Follow this link to my Gear, Food and First Aid Lists.


a bushwalker's journal